By Jeff Suovanen • Difficulty: Moderate
Cracked screen? Touch not working? Bad OLED display? Use this guide to restore your iPhone X to working order with a new OLED screen and digitizer.
The combined earpiece speaker + sensor assembly affixed to the back of the display is paired to your individual iPhone from the factory, so you must transfer it from your old display to your new one during any display replacement. It contains the flood illuminator, which is part of the biometric Face ID security feature. If it is damaged or replaced, Face ID will cease to function, so take extra care not to damage any of these components during this procedure. If damaged, only Apple can restore Face ID function.
Note: If your iPhone’s auto brightness feature does not work properly after your screen repair, make sure your iPhone is updated to iOS 12. True Tone functionality is disabled after a screen replacement, even when using an original Apple screen.
- Power off your iPhone before beginning disassembly.
- Remove the two 6.9 mm-long pentalobe screws at the bottom edge of the iPhone.
- If your iPhone has a cracked screen, keep further breakage contained and prevent bodily harm during your repair by taping over the glass.
- Lay overlapping strips of packing tape over the iPhone's display until the whole face is covered.
- If the broken glass makes it difficult to get a suction cup to stick in the next few steps, try folding a strong piece of tape (such as duct tape) into a handle and lifting the display with that instead.
- Use a hairdryer or heat gun or prepare an iOpener and apply it to the lower edge of the iPhone for about a minute in order to soften up the adhesive underneath.
- If the plastic depth gauge is attached at the center of the iSclack, remove it now—it's not needed for larger phones like the iPhone X.
- Position the suction cups near the bottom edge of the iPhone—one on the front, and one on the back.
- Press both suction cups firmly into place.
- Hold onto your iPhone securely and close the handle of the iSclack to slightly separate the screen from the rear case of the phone.
- Insert an opening pick into the gap.
- Skip the next two steps and continue to step 7.
- If using a single suction handle, apply it to the bottom edge of the phone, while avoiding the curved portion of the glass.
- Pull up on the suction cup with firm, constant pressure to create a slight gap between the front panel and rear case.
- Insert an opening pick into the gap.
- Slide the opening pick around the lower left corner and up the left edge of the iPhone, slicing through the adhesive holding the display in place.
- Re-insert your pick at the bottom edge of the iPhone, and slide it up the right side to continue separating the adhesive.
- Slide the opening pick around the top corner of the display, while gently pulling or wiggling the display down in the direction of the Lightning port.
- Slide the pick to the opposite corner and cut any remaining adhesive securing the display.
- Pull on the small nub on the suction cup to remove it from the front panel.
- If you used an iSclack and it's still affixed to the iPhone, remove it now.
- Open the iPhone by swinging the display up from the left side, like the back cover of a book.
- Lean the display against something to keep it propped up while you're working on the phone.
- Remove five Y000 screws securing the logic board connector bracket, of the following lengths:
- Three 1.1 mm screws
- One 3.1 mm screw
- One 3.7 mm screw
- Remove the bracket.
- Use the point of a spudger or a clean fingernail to pry the battery connector up from its socket on the logic board.
- Bend the connector slightly away from the logic board to prevent it from accidentally making contact with the socket and providing power to the phone during your repair.
- Use the point of a spudger or a fingernail to disconnect the front panel sensor assembly connector.
- Use the point of a spudger or a fingernail to disconnect the OLED panel cable connector.
- Use the point of a spudger to pry the digitizer cable connector up from its socket.
- Carefully lift the cable until the adhesive separates.
- Remove the display assembly.
- Remove the 1.2 mm Y000 screw on the back of the display assembly, near the infrared camera port.
- Beneath the screw you just removed lies a small metal grounding clip. If it didn't already come out along with the screw, remove it now.
- Remove two more Y000 screws securing the speaker/sensor assembly:
- One 1.6 mm screw
- One 1.3 mm screw
- Using a spudger, gently pry under the top edge of the speaker assembly, and flip it over—down and away from the top edge of the display.
- Use a hairdryer or heat gun or prepare an iOpener and apply it to the top front of the display for about a minute, in order to soften the adhesive securing the sensors.
- Carefully slide the flat edge of your spudger underneath the flex cable below the microphone.
- Twist gently to separate the microphone, while being careful not to strain or damage the flex cable.
- If needed, use the point of the spudger to finish separating the microphone from its notch in the front panel.
- Working left to right, slide an opening pick beneath the flex cable and underneath the proximity sensor + flood illuminator module.
- Gently wiggle and lift to separate the module from its notch in the front panel.
- Use tweezers to wiggle the ambient light sensor and lift it from its notch in the display.
- If you successfully removed the entire ambient light sensor, as shown in the first photo, continue to the next step below.
- If the white diffuser strip detached and remains embedded in the display, as shown in the second photo, you will need to carefully lever it out along the top edge using a thin blade or pry tool. Re-applying heat first may make this task a bit easier.
- Remove the earpiece speaker and front sensor assembly.
- Proximity sensor
- Flood illuminator
- The module must be positioned so that these components are not obstructed by any adhesive.
Compare your new replacement part to the original part—you may need to transfer remaining components or remove adhesive backings from the new part before installing.
To reassemble your device, follow the above steps in reverse order.
Take your e-waste to an R2 or e-Stewards certified recycler.
Repair didn’t go as planned? Check out our Answers community for troubleshooting help.